Bottom-Up or Top-Down? The Need for a Relevant, ‘Grounded’ and Distinguishing Peace Operations Doctrine for the African Standby Force (ASF)

The African Standby Force (ASF) is an international, continental, multidisciplinary peacekeeping force that serves as one of the five components of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) of the African Union. It acts under the direction of the AU and is deployed to respond to African crises and conflicts. This paper examines the development of common doctrine and guidance to support the operations of the ASF. It explains the role of doctrine in multinational peace-support operations (PSOs), reviews the doctrinal experiences of some African troop contributing countries (TCCs), analyses the role of multinational, regional and national organizations in supporting doctrinal development, and concludes with a case study of the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).

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