International interventions in Libya since 2011: Lessons learned

This paper addresses how, in 2011, together with the support of regional and international actors, Libyans toppled a forty-two year-long brutal dictatorial regime. However, within just three years, the attempted democratic transition drifted into a civil war. The failures to achieve a peaceful and democratic transition in Libya provide invaluable lessons for countries and international organizations aiming at maintaining peace and security in the region.

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