Traumatic Decarbonization in Fragile States

Access the report, “Traumatic Decarbonization in Fragile States,” published by the United States Institute of Peace (USIP).

The process of decarbonization—that is, the replacement of fossil fuels with non-hydrocarbon-based forms of energy—is essential for meeting the climate goals articulated by international agreements. But in fragile, oil-dependent nations, where hydrocarbon revenues are often a key means of political control, decarbonization can spell the difference between peace and conflict. This report by Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin Spatz, Alex de Waal, Jared Miller and Tarun Gopalakrishnan examines the consequences of the sudden loss of oil revenues for fragile, conflict-affected states and provides recommendations for policymakers on how to manage future decarbonization peacefully.

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